Latin Binomial Names for Essential Oils ?>

Latin Binomial Names for Essential Oils

Below is a key to the essential oil names I discuss in this book. To keep the reading light and non-tedious, I am giving you the Latin binomial names here rather than throughout the book. So if you see me refer to Melissa essential oil, the true technical name would be Melissa officinalis. Essential oils usually have a common name that differs from their Latin binomial. They will always be in italics with the Genus, Species, and sometimes Botanist. The Genus is always with a capital and the species is always all lower case. Lavender would be the common name but Lavandula angustifolia L. would be the Latin binomial. Lavandula is the genus, angustifolia is the species, and L in this instance refers to Linneaus who was the botanist to name the plant. I have listed out some of the common names. You may find your oil listed with a different species name. That is often based on the region the genus of plant is grown. You will also not see every single oil available as it is said there is close to 300 different genus types of oils and thousands of various genus/species essential oils.

  • Angelica – Angelica archangelica
  • Balsam Fir (see also Fir) – Abies balsamea aka Balsam Canada
  • Basil (most common) – Ocimum basilicum ct methyl chavicol
  • Bergamot – Citrus bergamia
  • Black Pepper – Piper nigrum
  • Cardamom – Elettaria cardamomum
  • Carrot Seed – Daucus carota sativa
  • Cassia (aka Chinese Cinnamon) – Cinnamomum cassia
  • Cedarwood Bark – Cedrus atlantica
  • Celery Seed – Apium graveolens
  • Cinnamon Bark – Cinnamomum verum
  • Cistus leaf (Rose of Sharon) – Cistus ladanifer
  • Citronella – Cymbopogon nardus (a type of Lemongrass from Asia)
  • Clary Sage – Salvia sclarea
  • Clove bud – Syzygium aromaticum
  • Copaiba – Copaifera officinalis
  • Coriander seed – Coriandrum sativum
  • Cypress – Cupressus sempervirens
  • Cypress, Australia (Blue Cypress) – Callitris intratropica
  • Cypress, Japan (Hinoki) – Chamaecyparis obtuse
  • Cypress, Taiwan (Hong Kuai) – Chamaecyparis formosensis
  • Dill – Anethum graveolens
  • Dorado Azul – Hyptis suaveolens
  • Elemi – Canarium luzonicum
  • Eucalyptus Citriodora – Eucalyptus citriodora
  • Eucalyptus Globulus – Eucalyptus globulus
  • Eucalyptus Polybractea – Eucalyptus polybractea
  • Eucalyptus Radiata – Eucalyptus radiata
  • Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare
  • Fir – Abies balsamea
  • Fir, White – Abies grandis
  • Frankincense – Boswellia carteri
  • Frankincense, Sacred – Boswellia sacra
  • Galbanum – Ferula gummosa
  • Geranium – Pelargonium graveolens
  • German Chamomile – Matricaria recutita
  • Ginger – Zingiber officinale
  • Goldenrod – Solidago Canadensis
  • Grapefruit – Citrus paradisi
  • Helichrysum – Helichrysum italicum
  • Hyssop – Hyssop officinalis
  • Inula (Stinkwort) – Inula graveolens
  • Jasmine absolute – Jasminum officinale
  • Juniper – Juniperus osteosperma
  • Laurel – Laurus nobilis
  • Lavender (true English or French Lavender) – Lavandula angustifolia
  • Lavender, Spike – Lavendula latifolia
  • Lavandin – Lavendula x intermedia (hybrid between Lavandula angustifolia and Lavandula latifolia)
  • Ledum – Ledum groenlandicum
  • Lemon – Citrus limon
  • Lemon, China (Jade Lemon) – Citrus limon eureka var. formosensis
  • Lemon Myrtle – Backhousia citriodora
  • Lemongrass, East India – Cymbopogon flexuosus
  • Lemongrass, Taiwan (aka Xiang Mao aka Red Lemongrass) – Cymbopogon citratus
  • Lime – Citrus latifolia
  • Mandarin – Citrus reticulata
  • Manuka (Myrtle, New Zealand) – Leptospermum scoparium
  • Marjoram aka Sweet Marjoram – Origanum majorana
  • Mastrante – Lippia alba
  • Melaleuca (Tea Tree) – Melaleuca alternifolia
  • Melaleuca Ericifolia (Rosalina) – Melaleuca ericifolia
  • Melaleuca Leucadendra (Cajeput) – Melaleuca leucendendra
  • Melaleuca Quinquenervia (Niaouli) – Melaleuca quinguenervia
  • Melissa aka Lemon Balm – Melissa officinalis
  • Mountain savory – Satureja montana
  • Myrrh – Commiphora myrrha
  • Myrtle – Myrtus communis
  • Myrtle, New Zealand (Manuka) – Leptospermum scoparium
  • Mugwort – Artemisia vulgaris
  • Niaouli – Melaleuca quinquenervia
  • Neroli (aka Bitter Orange) – Citrus aurantium
  • Nutmeg – Myristica fragrans
  • Ocotea – Ocotea quixos
  • Onycha – Styrax benzoin
  • Orange peel, sweet (aka Sweet Orange) – Citrus sinensis
  • Orange peel, bitter (aka Neroli or Bitter Orange) – Citrus aurantium
  • Orange leaf, bitter (aka Petitgrain or Bitter Orange) – Citrus aurantium
  • Oregano – Origanum vulgare
  • Palmarosa, North Western Indian Lemongrass – Cymbopogon martini
  • Palo Santo – Bursera graveolens
  • Patchouli – Pogostemon cablin
  • Peppermint – Mentha piperita
  • Petitgrain (aka Orange leaf or Bitter Orange) – Citrus aurantium
  • Pine – Pinus sylvestris
  • Ravintsara – Cinnamomum camphora
  • Roman Chamomile – Chamaemelum nobile
  • Rose – Rosa damascena
  • Rosemary – Rosmarinus officinalis
  • Sandalwood, Aloes – Santalum album
  • Sandalwood, Hawaiian – Santalum paniculatum
  • Sage – Salvia officinalis
  • Spearmint – Mentha spicata
  • Spikenard – Nardostachys jatamansi
  • Spruce, Black – Picea mariana
  • Spruce, Blue Picea pungens
  • Tansy, Blue – Tanacetum annuum
  • Tansy, Wild – Tanacetum vulgare
  • Tangerine rind – Citrus reticulata
  • Tarragon – Artemisia dracunculus
  • Tea Tree – Melaleuca alternifolia
  • Thyme (aka Sweet Tyme) – Thymus vulgaris
  • Tsuga (aka Eastern Hemlock, a type of Spruce) – Tsuga canadensis
  • Valerian – Valeriana officinalis
  • Vanilla – Vanilla planifolia
  • Vetiver – Vetyveria zizanoides
  • Wintergreen – Gaultheria procumbens
  • Xiang Mao (aka Red Lemongrass) – Cymbopogon citratus
  • Yarrow – Achillea millefolium
  • Ylang ylang – Cananga odorata

© 2016 Jen O’Sullivan. French Aromatherapy: Essential Oil Recipes & Usage Guideide

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